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Infrastructure investment with private participation, 2000–2016

(Billions of United States dollars)
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Source URL: https://ppi.worldbank.org/
Infrastructure investments that include private participation have increased dramatically since the turn of the century, with most of the growth in middle-income countries. However, more recently this trend seems to reverse. The World Bank Private Participation in Infrastructure (PPI) Database on Emerging Markets and Developing Economies recorded 242 projects with investment commitments totaling $71.5 billion in 2016. This was a 37% reduction compared to 2015. While the decline from 2015 can be explained by the presence of one very large project, Turkey’s IGA Airport ($35.6 billion), which had boosted the 2015 numbers, - it is important to note this is also a 41% decline compared to the annual 2011-2015 average. PPI investment commitments in middle-income countries have not been this low since 2004. This reduction in the headline figures is largely driven by reductions in PPI in some large economies, including Brazil, Turkey and India. Investment in infrastructure that includes private participation has remained at minimal levels in LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS. In 2016, PPI in these countries totalled $1.2 billion. Again, this is significantly lower than the 5 year 2011-2015 annual average of $11.8 billion.