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Data, monitoring and follow-up

The range and depth of data demands to fully implement the monitoring frameworks for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and financing for development outcomes are unprecedented. The frameworks require data that is disaggregated by income, sex, age, race, ethnicity, migration status, disability, geographic location and other nationally relevant characteristics in order to cover all population groups and leave no one uncounted.

The final chapter of the Addis Agenda considers how the international community should monitor implementation of the agreed actions. It emphasizes the importance of the availability and use of high quality disaggregated data for policy making and monitoring progress of implementation of the Addis Agenda and the 2030 Agenda, and prioritizes capacity building in this area. The Addis Agenda marks the first time that data issues have received such comprehensive treatment in the Financing for Development (FfD) process, reflecting a deeper appreciation of the importance of their role in strengthening domestic capacity in all areas, as well as promoting transparency and accountability.

This section follows up on the commitments on data completeness, data quality, disaggregation and availability. It also addresses the potential of new sources of data to complement traditional sources of statistical information; progress on the development of specific measures and tools; and statistical capacity building efforts and funding requirements. Work on data monitoring falls in two main areas: statistical efforts and capacities for the monitoring of the development of specific measures and tools, and efforts on economic and financial data. Each area involves different actors and institutions.

Note: Data labels represent the number of countries implementing national statistical plans. The horozontal axis and the length of the bar describes the proportion of countries implementing such plans. Oceania* refers to Oceania excluding Australia and New Zealand. 

Source: The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2018. Goal 17. Available at https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/report/2018/goal-17/.

Establishing strong, coherent and feasible national statistical plans that have political support has proven effective in building capacity across entire national statistical systems. This allows countries to respond to the growing demand for data while also providing a framework through which to mobilize both national and international resources. In 2017, 102 countries or areas were implementing national statistical plans. Sub-Saharan Africa led this effort among developing regions, with plans in 31 countries under way, although few of them were fully funded.

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