Online annex: Inter-agency Task Force on Financing for Development (https://developmentfinance.un.org). Gender inequality index (GII) time consistent (Index) ,1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013 Africa,0.67,0.66,0.66,0.65,0.65,0.65,0.65,0.65,0.64,0.64,0.64,0.63,0.63,0.62,0.61,0.6,0.6,0.59,0.59,0.58,0.58,0.58,0.57,0.56 Asia,0.5,0.49,0.48,0.48,0.47,0.46,0.46,0.46,0.46,0.45,0.44,0.43,0.43,0.42,0.41,0.4,0.39,0.38,0.38,0.37,0.36,0.36,0.35,0.34 Caribbean and Pacific Islands,0.58,0.56,0.55,0.54,0.53,0.52,0.51,0.51,0.51,0.5,0.5,0.5,0.49,0.5,0.48,0.45,0.45,0.46,0.48,0.48,0.51,0.48,0.45,0.44 Europe,0.27,0.26,0.25,0.25,0.24,0.24,0.23,0.24,0.24,0.23,0.22,0.21,0.2,0.2,0.19,0.19,0.18,0.18,0.17,0.17,0.16,0.15,0.14,0.14 Middle East and Central Asia,0.69,0.68,0.67,0.67,0.66,0.65,0.65,0.63,0.62,0.62,0.6,0.59,0.57,0.57,0.56,0.54,0.51,0.48,0.48,0.47,0.46,0.46,0.45,0.42 Western Hemisphere,0.54,0.53,0.53,0.52,0.52,0.51,0.51,0.51,0.49,0.49,0.49,0.48,0.47,0.47,0.46,0.45,0.45,0.44,0.44,0.44,0.43,0.43,0.42,0.42 Chart downloaded on 2019-12-11 04:03:50 from https://developmentfinance.un.org based on data from Stotsky, Shibuya, Kolovich, and Kebhaj (2016), “Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement.” IMF WP/16/21 (http://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/GII_TC@GD/gbtier_1/gbtier_2/gb_othersource?year=2013 ). 1) The GII generally ranges from 0-1, with higher numbers signifying more inequality. 2) Line charts indicate average index value in each group. 3) The GII incorporates measures of reproductive health, empowerment, and labor market outcomes.