Online annex: Inter-agency Task Force on Financing for Development (https://developmentfinance.un.org). Gender development index (GDI) time consistent (Index) ,1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013 Africa,0.82,0.83,0.83,0.83,0.83,0.83,0.84,0.84,0.84,0.84,0.84,0.85,0.85,0.85,0.85,0.85,0.85,0.85,0.86,0.86,0.86,0.86,0.86,0.86 Asia,0.85,0.85,0.87,0.88,0.88,0.88,0.89,0.89,0.9,0.9,0.9,0.91,0.92,0.92,0.92,0.92,0.91,0.92,0.92,0.93,0.93,0.93,0.93,0.93 Caribbean and Pacific Islands,0.91,0.92,0.92,0.92,0.93,0.93,0.94,0.96,0.96,0.97,0.98,0.97,0.97,0.97,0.97,0.97,0.97,0.97,0.97,0.97,0.98,0.98,0.98,0.98 Europe,0.94,0.95,0.95,0.96,0.96,0.96,0.96,0.96,0.97,0.97,0.97,0.97,0.97,0.97,0.97,0.98,0.98,0.98,0.98,0.98,0.98,0.98,0.98,0.98 Middle East and Central Asia,0.76,0.77,0.78,0.78,0.79,0.79,0.79,0.82,0.83,0.84,0.85,0.85,0.86,0.85,0.84,0.85,0.85,0.86,0.86,0.87,0.87,0.87,0.88,0.88 Western Hemisphere,0.92,0.92,0.93,0.93,0.93,0.93,0.94,0.94,0.95,0.95,0.95,0.95,0.95,0.95,0.95,0.95,0.96,0.96,0.96,0.96,0.97,0.97,0.97,0.97 Chart downloaded on 2019-12-11 04:01:02 from https://developmentfinance.un.org based on data from Stotsky, Shibuya, Kolovich, and Kebhaj (2016), “Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement.” IMF WP/16/21 (http://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/GDI_TC@GD/gbtier_1/gbtier_2/gb_othersource?year=2013 ). 1) The GDI generally ranges from 0-1, with higher numbers signifying more equality. 2) Line charts indicate average index value in each group. 3) The GDI incorporates measures of life expectancy, education, and gross national income.