The Addis Ababa Action Agenda reaffirms official development assistance (ODA) commitments contained in the Monterrey Consensus and Doha Declaration, highlighting the importance of ODA for the poorest and most vulnerable countries – beyond income-group-based ODA allocation that only considers narrow economic averages. It commits to prioritizing the allocation of concessional international public finance to those with the greatest needs and least ability to mobilize other resources.
The Addis Agenda specifically:
- Reaffirms existing ODA commitments – 0.7 per cent of gross national income (GNI) to developing countries and 0.15-0.20 per cent of GNI to least developed countries (LDCs)
- Commits to reverse decline in ODA to the LDCs; Encourages ODA of 0.2 per cent of GNI to LDCs; is encouraged by countries that allocate at least 50 per cent of ODA to LDCs
- Commits to open, inclusive and transparent discussions on the modernization of ODA measurement
ODA increased by 1.4 per cent in 2019 over the comparable period in 2018 in real terms, as calculated by the new grant-equivalent measure, while falling slightly as a share of donor country GNI, from 0.31 to 0.30 per cent on average. Five donors met or exceeded the 0.7 per cent target: Denmark, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Based on the previous cash-flow methodology, net ODA to LDCs and Africa increased by 2.6 per cent and 1.3 per cent, respectively. The Task Force welcomes the increase in ODA, particularly given growing developing country needs due to COVID-19.
(Billions of United States dollars, 2017 constant prices)
Source: OECD/DAC data.
ODA Grant Equivalent, 2019
(Percentage of GNI)
Relevant SDG indicator
- 17.2.1 Net official development assistance, total and to least developed countries, as a proportion of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee donors’ gross national income (GNI)