The migration-related commitments in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which focus on the rights of migrants regardless of migration status, are complementary to those in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, which focus on both their rights and their economic activities.
Within the Addis Agenda, Member States:
- Commit to cooperate internationally to ensure safe, orderly and regular migration, with full respect for human rights
- Endeavour to increase cooperation on access to and portability of earned benefits, enhance the recognition of foreign qualifications, education, and skills, lower the costs of recruitment for migrants, and combat unscrupulous recruiters, in accordance with national circumstances and legislation
- Endeavour to implement effective social communication strategies on the contribution of migrants to sustainable development in all its dimensions, in particular in countries of destination, in order to combat xenophobia, facilitate social integration, and protect migrants’ human rights through national frameworks
- Reaffirm the need to promote and protect effectively the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all migrants, especially those of women and children, regardless of their migration status
In December 2018, Member States of the United Nations adopted the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM). This is the first intergovernmental agreement prepared under the auspices of the United Nations to cover all dimensions of international migration in a holistic and comprehensive manner. The GCM recognizes that migrants and migration dynamics affect development outcomes across a range of sectors and vice versa.
The GCM puts forward specific provisions to support development financing efforts, including encouraging, for example, the implementation of programmes and financial products that facilitate migrant and diaspora investments in entrepreneurship, and of digital platforms and other mechanisms for coordinated voluntary or philanthropic engagement of migrants and diasporas, especially in humanitarian emergencies in their countries of origin. If implemented as part of a coherent overall strategy, the 2030 Agenda, Addis Agenda and GCM can significantly improve migration governance globally.
Relevant SDG indicator
- 10.7.1 Recruitment cost borne by employee as a proportion of yearly income earned in country of destination
- 10.7.2 Number of countries that have implemented well-managed migration policies