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Updates

Illegal wildlife trade/fishing/logging/mining

The world is dealing with an unprecedented spike in illegal wildlife trade, threatening to overturn decades of conservation gains. Wildlife trade is a big business, run by international criminal networks, trafficking wildlife and animal parts much like illegal drugs and arms. By its very nature, it is almost impossible to obtain reliable figures for the value of illegal wildlife trade, but experts at estimate that it runs into hundreds of millions of dollars.

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law

The Addis Agenda endorsed the efforts and initiatives of UNCITRAL aimed at increasing coordination of and cooperation on legal activities of international and regional organizations active in the field of international trade law and at promoting the rule of law at the national and international levels in that field. Since its establishment, UNCITRAL has been recognized as the core legal body of the United Nations system in the field of international trade law.

The role of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

At the 14th session of the UNCTAD Ministerial conference in Nairobi, Kenya, on July 22 2016, member States adopted UNCTAD's mandate for the next four years, the Nairobi Maafikiano. It calls upon UNCTAD to continue conducting research and analysis, building policy consensus, and providing technical assistance and capacity building to make trade work for sustainable development for all and especially in developing countries.

Gender/women as producers and traders

Both the Addis Agenda and the 2030 Agenda establish a strong link between gender equality and women’s empowerment on one hand, and achieving sustained, inclusive and equitable economic growth and sustainable development on the other. They both call for gender mainstreaming in the formulation and implementation of all financial, economic, environmental and social policies.

Trade and investment agreements

Recently, the pace of agreeing on a new investment treaty has been reduced, which may signal a period of reflection and review of international investment policies. 

Development at the local level & the domestic enabling environment for trade

The Addis Agenda acknowledges the importance of policy coherence on trade at all levels for maximizing trade’s contribution to sustainable development. At the national level, it asserts the importance to strengthen domestic enabling environments and implement policies conducive to increasing trade’s contribution to inclusive growth and sustainable development. The commitment calls for policy actions that are complementary to trade policy changes, with a view to supporting households and businesses to capture economic opportunities arising from trade.

Trade facilitation

The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) contains provisions for expediting the movement, release and clearance of goods, including goods in transit and sets out measures for effective cooperation between customs and other appropriate authorities on trade facilitation and customs compliance issues. It further contains provisions for technical assistance and capacity building in this area.

Aid for Trade

WTO members launched the Aid for Trade initiative at the Sixth Ministerial Conference in Hong Kong in 2005.
Aid for trade focuses on supporting developing countries, particularly the least-developed, in building trade capacity, enhancing their infrastructure and improving their ability to benefit from trade opening opportunities.